OLC4O - Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course

COURSE Description

Course Title: Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course
Course Code: OLC4O
Grade: 12
Course Type: Open
Credit Value: 1.0
Prerequisite: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course. (Students who have already met the literacy requirement for graduation may be eligible to take the course under special circumstances, at the discretion of the principal.)
Curriculum Policy Document: English – The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course (OSSLC), The Ontario Curriculum, Grade 12, 2003
Department: English
Course Developer: Kydan Educational Services
Development Date: 2015-2016

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Course Description: This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation.
Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.

Units Hours

Unit One: Graphic Text

15 hours

Unit Two: Writing Paragraphs

15 hours

Unit Three: Narrative Text

15 hours

Unit Four: Writing Summaries

20 hours

Unit Five: Writing Newspaper Articles

20 hours

Unit Six: Opinion Essays

20 hours

Exam/RST

RST worth 30% of final mark:
Students will complete a summative that includes content that has been worked on through the course, plus an oral metacognitive component.

5 hours

Total Hours 110 hours

Resources required by the student:
Note: This course is entirely online and does not require or rely on any textbook. A scanner, smart phone camera, or similar device to upload handwritten or hand-drawn work.

The teacher will obtain assessment information through a variety of means as indicated in the chart below. Assessment and Evaluation Strategies are to include the evidence or proof the teacher sees in the Product, Observations and Conversations related to the curriculum expectations. The student must demonstrate achievement of the course expectations. Once demonstrated, the student is assigned a level of achievement.

Assessment For: takes place in preparation for course or unit learning.
Assessment As: takes place during or while learning.
Assessment Of: takes place after learning.

These assessments and evaluations take place throughout the course.

OLC4O
Kanata Academy : Assessment, Evaluation & Reporting

Key Ideas from Growing Success:

The Seven Fundamental Principles state:

  • are fair, transparent, and equitable for all students;
  • support all students, including those with special education needs, those who are learning the language of instruction (English or French), and those who are First Nation, Métis, or Inuit;
  • are carefully planned to relate to the curriculum expectations and learning goals and, as much as possible, to the interests, learning styles and preferences, needs, and experiences of all students;
  • are communicated clearly to students and parents at the beginning of the school year or course and at other appropriate points throughout the school year or course;
  • are ongoing, varied in nature, and administered over a period of time to provide multiple opportunities for students to demonstrate the full range of their learning;
  • provide ongoing descriptive feedback that is clear, specific, meaningful, and timely to support improved learning and achievement;
  • develop students’ selfassessment skills to enable them to assess their own learning, set specific goals, and plan next steps for their learning. (Growing Success, pp 6)

For Grades 9 to 12, a final grade (percentage mark) is recorded for every course. The final grade will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based on evaluation conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade should reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration should be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
  • 30% of the grade will be based on a final evaluation administered at or towards the end of the course. This evaluation will be based on evidence from one or a combination of the following: an examination, a performance, an essay, and/or another method of evaluation suitable to the course content. The final evaluation allows the student an opportunity to demonstrate comprehensive achievement of the overall expectations for the course. (Growing Success, pp 41)

At Kanata Academy, we have further broken down this 30% into RST and exam components. The following pages show the breakdown of this 30%, by curriculum and course.

The Arts

The Arts 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
All arts Arts, Grade 9 30 0
All arts Arts, Grade 10 30 0
All arts Arts, Grade 11 30 0
All arts Arts, Grade 12 30 0

Comments
In the majority of the Arts there is no formal exam during the exam time period.
A variety of summative performance tasks and/or student portfolios will allow students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

Business Studies

Business Studies 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
BBI1O/BBI2O Intro to Business 30 0
BTT1O/BTT2O Information and Communication Technology in Business 30 0

Comments
No exam in grade 9 and 10 open courses.
No exam in workplace courses.
Rich summative assessment tasks vary and often include business simulation or workplace simulation tasks that provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

Canadian and World Studies

Canadian and World Studies 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
CGC1D Issues in Canadian Geography 10 20
CGC1P Issues in Canadian Geography 20 10
CHC2D Canadian History since World War l 10 20
CHC2P Canadian History since World War l 20 10
CHV2O Civics and Citizenship 30 0
CHW3M World History to the end of 15th Century 15 15

Comments
No exam for grade 9 or 10 open courses.
No exam for workplace courses.

Cooperative Education

Cooperative Education 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
COP Cooperative Education 30 0
2X, 3X & 4X

Comments
Rich summative assessment tasks vary and often include a Career Portfolio and other assessment tasks that provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

English

English 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
ENG1D English, Academic 10 20
ENG1P English, Applied 20 10
ENG2D English, Academic 10 20
ENG2P English, Applied 20 10
EMS3O Media Studies 30 0
ENG3C English, College 20 10
ENG3U English, University 10 20
ENG4C English, College 20 10
ENG4E English, Workplace 30 0
ENG4U English, University 0 30
EWC4U The Writer’s Craft 30 0
OLC4O Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course 30 0

Comments
Decrease the value of the exam in the applied courses and changes also account for increases in the rich assessment tasks for several college pathway courses.

ESL and ELD

ESL and ELD 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
ELDAO Beginning Literacy, Level 1 30 0
ELDBO Basic Literacy Skills, Level 2 30 0
ELDCO Literacy in Daily Life, Level 3 30 0
ELDDO Literacy for School and Work, Level 4 30 0
ESLAO Beginning Communicationin English, Level 1 30 0
ESLBO English in Daily Life, Level 2 30 0
ESLCO English for School and Work, Level 3 30 0
ESLDO Study Skills in English, Level 4 20 10
ESLEO Bridge to English, Level 5 20 10

Comments
Rich summative assessment tasks provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).
DO and EO courses are aligned with other English courses that include exams as a portion of the final summative assessment.

French as a Second Language

French as a Second Language 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
FSF1D Core French 15 15
FSF1P Core French 30 0

Comments
Rich summative assessment tasks provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

Guidance and Career Education

Guidance and Career Education 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
GLS1O/GLE1O Learning Strategies 1: Skills for Success in Secondary School 30 0
GLC2O
(GLC2OI)
Career Studies 30 0
GWL3O Designing Your Future 30 0

Comments
Rich summative assessment tasks provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

Mathematics

Mathematics 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
MFM1P Foundations of Mathematics 20 10
(using EQAO)
MPM1D Principles of Mathematics 10
(using EQAO)
20
MFM2P Foundations of Mathematics 20 10
MPM2D Principles of Mathematics 10 20
MBF3C Mathematics Personal Finance 15 15
MCF3M Functions and Applications 10 20
MCR3U Functions 10 20
MEL3E Mathematics for Everyday Life 30 0
MAP4C College & Apprenticeship Mathematics 15 15
MCT4C Mathematics for College Technology 10 20
MCV4U Calculus and Vectors 0 30
MDM4U Mathematics of Data Management 20 10
MEL4E Mathematics for Everyday Life 30 0
MHF4U Advanced Functions 0 30

Comments
No exams in workplace courses.

Physical Education

Physical Education 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
PPL1O Healthy Active Living 30 0
PPL2O Healthy Active Living 30 0
PAF3O Healthy Active Living Focus Course: Fitness 30 0
PPL3O Healthy Active Living 30 0
PPZ3C
(new)
Health for Life 20 10
PLF4M
(new pathway)
Recreation and Fitness Leadership 15 15
PPL4O Healthy Active Living 30 0
PSK4U Kinesiology 10 20

Comments
Rich summative assessment tasks provide a better opportunity for students to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the overall course expectations and the four areas of the achievement chart (knowledge, thinking, communication, and application).

Science

Science 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
SNC1D Science, Academic 10 20
SNC1P Science, Applied 20 10
SNC2D Science, Academic 10 20
SNC2P Science, Applied 20 10
SBI3C Biology, College 15 15
SBI3U Biology, University 5 25
SCH3U Chemistry, University 5 25
SPH3U Physics, University 5 25
SBI4U Biology, University 5 25
SCH4C Chemistry, College 15 15
SCH4U Chemistry, University 5 25
SPH4C Physics, College 15 15
SPH4U Physics, University 5 25

Social Science and the Humanities

Social Science and the Humanities 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
HHS4C Families in Canada 20 10
HHS4U Families in Canada 10 20
HSB4U
(new pathway)
Challenge and Change in Society 10 20

Technological Education

Technological Education 2016
Course Code Title Rich Summative Tasks Exam
All ‘T’ courses Communications, Computer, Health Care, 30 0

Teaching & Learning Strategies

Teachers differentiate instruction to meet the diverse learning needs of students. Instructors use Discussion Boards, Google Apps for Education, Multi-Media element, constant valuable feedback, Google docs, Google forms, Google slides, Google drive to meet the needs of students and to assist students in reflecting on their learning, and in setting goals for improvement in key areas while developing 21st century skills. These tools help facilitate the development of 21st century learners and ensure the development of students that can self assess, work independently and demonstrate their ability to critically analyze text.

Identifying and developing skills and strategies – students learn to choose and utilize varied techniques taught through video lessons, assignments, activities, and student exemplars to become effective readers, writers, and oral communicators.

  • Communicating – several opportunities are provided for students to write and communicate orally and for teachers to assess work based on conversation and observation.
  • Generating ideas and topics – teachers encourage students to design their own approaches to the material by maintaining frequent (often daily) online communication with students, by allowing some freedom in how students respond to topics and questions, and by encouraging students’ independent thinking through discussion posts.
  • Researching – various approaches to researching are practised. Students learn how to use various online research tools, cite sources, evaluate web sources and provide a works cited page at the end of longer assignments using MLA formatting.
  • Thinking critically – students learn to critically analyze texts and to infer through their deeper analysis. Students use their critical thinking skills to identify themes, morals, and the use of literary elements and devices.
  • Producing published work and making presentations – students engage in the editing and revising process, including self-revision, peer revision, and teacher revision all of which strengthen texts with the aim to publish or present student work.
  • Reflecting – through the variety of assignments, lessons and discussions, students reflect on the learning process, focus on areas for improvement, and make world to text, self to text and text to text connections between course content and their personal experiences.
The Final Grade

The evaluation for this course is based on the student’s achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning.

The percentage grade represents the quality of the student’s overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline.

A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student’s grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student’s most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement.
  • 10% of the grade will be based on a Rich summative task administered in the last weeks of the course. This RST will be based on an evaluation of achievement from all four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course and of expectations from all units of the course.
  • 20% of the grade will be based on a final examination administered at the end of the course. This exam will be based on an evaluation of achievement from all four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course and of expectations from all units of the course. This exam includes well-formulated multiple-choice questions, long-answer type questions and an essay.
The Report Card

Student achievement will be communicated formally to students via an official report card. Report cards are issued at the midterm point in the course, as well as upon completion of the course. Each report card will focus on two distinct, but related aspects of student achievement. First, the achievement of curriculum expectations is reported as a percentage grade. Additionally, the course median is reported as a percentage. The teacher will also provide written comments concerning the student's strengths, areas for improvement, and next steps. Second, the learning skills are reported as a Needs Improvement, Satisfactory, Good and Excellent. The report card also indicates whether an OSSD credit has been earned. Upon completion of a course, Kanata Academy will send a copy of the report card back to the student's home school (if in Ontario) where the course will be added to the ongoing list of courses on the student's Ontario Student Transcript. The report card will also be sent to the student's home address.

Program Planning Considerations

Teachers who are planning a program in English must take into account considerations in a number of important areas. Essential information that pertains to all disciplines is provided in the companion piece to this document, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 9 to 12: Program Planning and Assessment, 2000. The areas of concern to all teachers that are outlined here include the following:

  • types of secondary school courses
  • education for exceptional students
  • the role of technology in the curriculum
  • English as a second language (ESL) and English literacy development (ELD)
  • career education
  • cooperative education and other workplace experiences
  • health and safety
Education for Exceptional Students

In planning courses, teachers should take into account the needs of exceptional students as set out in their Individual Education Plan. English courses reflect the creative part of our literary world, which offers a vast array of opportunities for exceptional students. Students who use alternative techniques for communication may find a venue for their talents as writers. Just as English responds to the needs and demands of the greater world of work, English courses are largely shaped by the needs and demands of students who will all eventually end up in this greater world.

The Role of Technology in the Curriculum

Information and communications technologies (ICT) provide a range of tools that can significantly extend and enrich teachers’ instructional strategies and support students’ language learning. ICT tools include multimedia resources, databases, Internet websites, digital cameras, and word-processing programs. Tools such as these can help students to collect, organize, and sort the data they gather and to write, edit, and present reports on their findings. Information and communications technologies can also be used to connect students to other schools, at home and abroad, and to bring the global community into the virtual classroom. Although the Internet is a powerful learning tool, there are potential risks attached to its use. All students must be made aware of issues of Internet privacy, safety, and responsible use, as well as of the potential for abuse of this technology, particularly when it is used to promote hatred. Information technology is considered a learning tool that must be accessed by students when the situation is appropriate. As a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, internet research, presentation software, and telecommunication tools.

English As a Second Language and English Literacy Development (ESL/ELD)

With exposure to the English language in a supportive learning environment, most young children will develop oral fluency quite quickly, making connections between concepts and skills acquired in their first language and similar concepts and skills presented in English. However, oral fluency is not a good indicator of a student’s knowledge of vocabulary or sentence structure, reading comprehension, or other aspects of language proficiency that play an important role in literacy development and academic success. Research has shown that it takes five to seven years for most English language learners to catch up to their English-speaking peers in their ability to use English for academic purposes. Moreover, the older the children are when they arrive, the greater the language knowledge and skills that they have to catch up on, and the more direct support they require from their teachers. Responsibility for students’ English-language development is shared by the course teacher, the ESL/ELD teacher (where available), and other school staff. Volunteers and peers may also be helpful in supporting English language learners in the language classroom. Teachers must adapt the instructional program in order to facilitate the success of these students in their classrooms. Appropriate adaptations include:

  1. modification of some or all of the subject expectations so that they are challenging but attainable for the learner at his or her present level of English proficiency, given the necessary support from the teacher;
  2. use of a variety of instructional strategies (e.g., extensive use of visual cues, graphic organizers, scaffolding; previewing of textbooks, pre-teaching of key vocabulary; peer tutoring; strategic use of students’ first languages);
  3. tuse of a variety of learning resources (e.g., visual material, simplified text, bilingual dictionaries, and materials that reflect cultural diversity);
  4. use of assessment accommodations (e.g., granting of extra time; use of oral interviews, demonstrations or visual representations, or tasks requiring completion of graphic organizers or cloze sentences instead of essay questions and other assessment tasks that depend heavily on proficiency in English).

Note: When learning expectations in any course are modified for an English language learner (whether the student is enrolled in an ESL or ELD course or not), this information must be clearly indicated on the student’s report card.

This course can provide a wide range of options to address the needs of ESL/ELD students. Detailed analysis of the components of sentences aid ESL students in mastering the English language and all of its idiosyncrasies. In addition, since all occupations require employees with a wide range of English skills and abilities, many students will learn how their backgrounds and language skills can contribute to their success in the larger world.

Antidiscrimination Education in the English Program Learning resources that reflect the broad range of students’ interests, backgrounds, cultures, and experiences are an important aspect of an inclusive English program. In such a program, learning materials involve protagonists of both sexes from a wide variety of backgrounds. Teachers routinely use materials that reflect the diversity of Canadian and world cultures, including those of contemporary First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples, and make them available to students. Short stories, novels, magazine and newspaper articles, television programs, and films provide opportunities for students to explore issues relating to their self-identity. In inclusive programs, students are made aware of the historical, cultural, and political contexts for both the traditional and non-traditional gender and social roles represented in the materials they are studying. Stories, novels, informational texts, and media works relating to the immigrant experience provide rich thematic material for study, as well as the opportunity for students new to Canada to share their knowledge and experiences with others. In addition, in the context of the English program, both students and teachers should become aware of aspects of intercultural communication – for example, by exploring how different cultures interpret the use of eye contact and body language in conversation and during presentations. Resources should be chosen not only to reflect diversity but also on the basis of their appeal for both girls and boys in the classroom. Recent research has shown that many boys are interested in informational materials, such as manuals and graphic texts, as opposed to works of fiction, which are often more appealing to girls. Both sexes read Internet materials, such as website articles, e-mail, and chat messages, outside the classroom. The development of critical thinking skills is integral to the English curriculum. In the context of what is now called “critical literacy”, these skills include the ability to identify perspectives, values, and issues; detect bias; and read for implicit as well as overt meaning. In the English program, students develop the ability to detect negative bias and stereotypes in literary texts and informational materials. When using biased informational texts, or literary works containing negative stereotypes, for the express purpose of critical analysis, teachers must take into account the potential negative impact of bias on students and use appropriate strategies to address students’ responses. Critical literacy also involves asking questions and challenging the status quo, and leads students to look at issues of power and justice in society. The program empowers students by enabling them to express themselves and to speak out about issues that strongly affect them. Literature studies and media studies also afford both students and teachers a unique opportunity to explore the social and emotional impact of bullying, violence, and discrimination in the form of racism, sexism, or homophobia on individuals and families.

Literacy, Mathematical Literacy, and Inquiry/Research Skills Literacy, mathematical literacy, and inquiry/research skills are critical to students’ success in all subjects of the curriculum and in all areas of their lives. The acquisition and development of literacy skills is clearly the focus of the English curriculum, but the English program also builds on, reinforces, and enhances mathematical literacy. For example, clear, concise communication often involves the use of diagrams, charts, tables, and graphs, and the English curriculum emphasizes students’ ability to interpret and use graphic texts. Inquiry is at the heart of learning in all subject areas. In English courses, students are encouraged to develop their ability to ask questions and to explore a variety of possible answers to those questions. As they advance through the grades, they acquire the skills to locate relevant information from a variety of sources, such as books, newspapers, dictionaries, encyclopedias, interviews, videos, and the Internet. The questioning they practiced in the early grades becomes more sophisticated as they learn that all sources of information have a particular point of view and that the recipient of the information has a responsibility to evaluate it, determine its validity and relevance, and use it in appropriate ways. The ability to locate, question, and validate information allows a student to become an independent, lifelong learner.

Career Education

Expectations in the English program include many opportunities for students to apply their language skills to work-related situations, to explore educational and career options, and to become self-directed learners. To prepare students for the literacy demands of a wide array of postsecondary educational programs and careers, English courses require students to develop research skills, practice expository writing, and learn strategies for understanding informational reading materials. Making oral presentations and working in small groups with classmates help students express themselves confidently and work cooperatively with others. Regardless of their postsecondary destination, all students need to realize that literacy skills are employability skills. Powerful literacy skills will equip students to manage information technologies, communicate effectively and correctly in a variety of situations, and perform a variety of tasks required in most work environments.

Cooperative Education and Other Workplace Experiences

By applying the skills they have developed, students will readily connect their classroom learning to real-life activities in the world in which they live.Cooperative education and other workplace experiences will broaden their knowledge of employment opportunities in a wide range of fields. Kanata Academy will try to help students link to Ministry programs to ensure that students have information concerning programs and opportunities.

Health and Safety

The program provides the reading skills for the student to be able to explore the variety of concepts relating to health and safety in the workplace. In order to provide a suitable learning environment for the Kanata Academy staff and students, it is critical that classroom practice and the learning environment complies with relevant federal, provincial, and municipal health and safety legislation and by-laws, including, but not limited to, the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS), the Food and Drug Act, the Health Protection and Promotion Act, the Ontario Building Code, and the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA). The OHSA requires all schools to provide a safe and productive learning and work environment for both students and employees.